At Berryville, Jenkins drove in the cavalry, but the artillery held his brigade at bay; he demanded the surrender of Martinsburg, June 14, , but the Federals held him in check for several hours before retreating. On June 16, 17, and 18, , Jenkin's cavalry helped the quartermasters and commissaries to obtain supplies for their departments. Although he had been carefully instructed about transacting this business by regular purchases, Jenkins did not require his men to account for large numbers of horses which they seized and kept.
Thus Jenkins led the way into Pennsylvania. But upon hearing of the approach of Federals in superior numbers, Jenkins promptly withdrew, leaving supplies that would have been highly valuable to the Southern troops. Reoccupying Chambersburg, June 22, he found that the coveted stores had been removed or concealed after his departure. On June 27, his cavalrymen were at Carlisle; and before the concentration at Gettysburg, they had reached Harrisburg, where Jenkins had made a reconnaissance of defenses with a view to an attack by Rodes.
Jenkins was wounded on July 2 in the battle of Gettysburg. His brigade was taken by Colonel M. Ferguson and commanded temporarily by him.
Jenkin’s Cavalry Brigade
General Lee stated that the members of the Jenkins command were affected by a spirit of localism. In presenting a reorganization plan for the cavalry, Lee said he had not separated these men, since they claimed to have been raised for special service in Western Virginia. In , Jenkins was again at his mountain work in the Department of Western Virginia. On February 11, he was organizing a large cavalry corps to be used in Western Virginia in the coming spring.
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The battle known by that name, a bloody defeat for the Confederates was one of the principal events in a Federal expedition against the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad made between May 2 and May 19, The fighting began early in the morning of May 9. Crook found that the Southerners had settled upon a wooded spur, three quarters of a mile beyond the summit of the mountain. The Second Brigade engaged the forces of Jenkins. Crook then ordered a charge of the First and Third Brigades across an intervening meadow. As they charged, the Confederates fired heavily upon them, throwing part of the Third into temporary disorder.
Crook's men arrived at the foot of the spur upon which Jenkins had stationed his troops the preceding day. Moving steadily upward and approaching the formidable breastworks on the crest, the Federals rushed upon Jenkin's men, put them to rout, and killed and wounded them in great numbers. Colonel John S. McCausland who had delayed departure from Dublin in order to join his forces with those of Jenkins for the battle, then took charge and effected an orderly retreat. Jenkins died on May 24, at Dublin. On May 27, McCausland was given the commission of brigadier general and assigned to command the Jenkins brigade.
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General Jenkins, then, accomplished much for the Confederate fortunes in Western Virginia, both by arduous mountain marches and by raids and forays that served to demoralize the enemy in strategic regions. He was prominent both in the campaign for the Kanawha Valley and in the attempt to destroy the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. By reason of his success, he reached the position of commanding officer of his department. He played a vital part in the Shenandoah Valley campaign and assisted materially in the invasion of Pennsylvania.
He was a brilliant, brave, and clement leader, who exemplified the highest ideals of the proverbial Confederate cavalryman. No more on his proud steed shall he sweep o'er the plains, cheering by his ringing voice and flashing eye his struggling cavaliers to deeds of daring, breasting with the foremost the storm of battle. Your father commanded a Brigade of Cavalry which he raised and organized.
It was composed of the 14th, 16th, and 17th Regiments and 34th and 36th Battalions, sic all cavalry. He was a brilliant man and one of the most talented and attractive men I ever knew. He served under General Stuart in the Gettysburg campaign. His command known as Jenkins Brigade. General Lee had a very high opinion of his skill as a commander, as was shown by the fact that when Gen. Lee decided to invade Pennsylvania in he selected your father in preference to all other cavalry officers to command the force which was first to enter Pennsylvania and cleared sic the way for the rest of our army.
This he did with great skill and success. He sometimes commanded several Brigades, a division. Chapman in the Huntington Herald , June 22, , has given the following account of Jenkins:. That General Jenkins was a brave man is fully attested by the circumstances of his death. During the battle of Cloyd's Mountain his brigade was charged by two Ohio regiments of Federal troops.
Then came the charge of the 91 O. Duval of Brooke County, this state. Jenkins' brigade was broken and began a hasty retreat. The General headed the 45th Virginia and, with drawn sword, was encouraging the men to stand and cover the retreat of the other regiments of the brigade. They too fled, leaving the General alone, when he was shot from his horse and picked up by the Federal troops.
He was taken to the house of Mr. Cloyd or Guthrie and all possible done to aid his recovery, but he died on the above date. All in all, Cabell County never produced a more illustrious son and well may those of his comrades who still survive feel justly proud of their leader and military chieftain, who, had he lived, would have furnished material for some of the brightest pages of our state and national history.
Vance, Governor of North Carolina, Jenkins says:. In thus distributing these animals, and after overstocking almost every part of Virginia, it became a matter of necessity to send some of them to portions of North Carolina where both grain and long forage were abundant. But unfortunately, there is great indisposition on the part of the people there to sell their produce for Confederate money at any price, and I desire to ask relief at your hands in the form of authority of some kind for impressment. This authority you can limit with such restrictions as will make it entirely certain that no injustice will be done to your people.
If some step of this kind is not taken promptly, and we should be compelled in this portion of Southwestern Virginia to bring the horses in the service of the Government back to this section, and thus consume the forage which is essential to the wants of our armies elsewhere, it is manifest that most serious detriment to the public service must occur. Knowing your disinterested patriotism, not only from your public character but also from a personal acquaintance which I had the pleasure of having while we were both members of the old Federal Congress, and your full and entire devotion to our cause which is not the cause of a State, but of the whole South , I have taken the liberty of addressing you upon the subject.
Evander M. Law - Wikipedia
Sir: I herewith demand the surrender of Martinsburg. Should you refuse, you are respectfully requested to notify the inhabitants of the place to remove forthwith to a place of safety.
Small-arms only will be used for one hour upon the town after your reception of this note. After that, I shall feel at liberty to shell the town, if I see proper. Should you refuse to give the necessary notification to the inhabitants, I shall be compelled to hold your command responsible. General: Martinsburg will not be surrendered. You may commence shelling as soon as you choose. I will, however, inform the inhabitants of your threats.
James D. Sedinger, a Border Ranger, has written as follows in an account of the regiment's activities while on duty in Tennessee:. The regiment was sent to Bristol, Tennessee, with orders to do picket and scout on all roads leading to Bristol. One day while moving out with part of the Company under Lieutenant Thompson, our orderly Sergeant, Daniel Ruffner, who had been drinking, struck a citizen with his revolver.
Jenkins’ Cavalry Raid through Northwestern York County: Part 1
The man who was armed shot the orderly and killed him. He made his escape and was hid by his friends. We never could find him. On another occasion 8 of the boys went on a little scouting expedition of their own into Sullivan county Tennessee. There was an old gentleman of well-known Union sentiments in that part who had some pretty daughters and some old apple brandy.
The boys slipped by our pickets in round about way and struck the road about mile from the Yankee guard and came up and charged the old man's house about 12 o'clock at night waking the gentleman and all his family. He thinking we were Yanks ordered the whole family to get up and give the best the house afforded.
We had a splendid supper and plenty of fun with the girls. He gave us all the brandy we wanted and filled our canteens when we left. Told us to call at any time we was in that part of the country, and each one of us should have one of his daughters as they should not marry anyone but a Union soldier. We thanked the old gentleman, kissed the girls and left, going the way we came toward the Yankees. I don't think he ever knew any better. On November 6th was ordered to prepare 3 days rations and march to Rogersville, Tennessee.
On the morning of the 8th the old company was ordered to the front and told to form by 4's as we were to charge a house that was full of militia and Company A was to support us.
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We formed with our revolvers in our hands and started ready for action at any time. Taking part in the 1st Manassas Bull Run , 31 July In the later part of he took command of the Brigade, and had the confidence of his Divisional commander General J. With the re-organization of the army in he oversaw the organization of the Palmetto Sharpshooters over whom he was made Colonel, the unit is formed with approximately 1, men.
While still Colonel he commanded R. At Seven Pines Captain W. B Smith, 'Co,G' Palmetto Sharpshooters 'After we had driven back four fresh lines of battle General Jenkins drew his lines back a short way and formed a new line, someone said to him 'just look at them coming at the double quick.
Evander M. Law
He could come nearer to making his men work like machinery than any other man I saw. That was the last charge at Seven Pines at which ended the battle. We fought five fresh lines that evening and whipped every one. Jenkins was on his horse all through the battle. At Gaines Mill 1st Cold Harbor, Chickahominy , 27 June, Jenkins led a sweep around the Federal flanks as dusk fell here he engaged the 16th Michigan decimated the Regiment and captured their colours along with a large body of men.